Lions (Panthera leo) symbolize power and strength. They are synonymous with the wild across Africa and parts of Asia. Yet few realize that these big cats have undergone a catastrophic range reduction and that only about 20,000 lions remain. Enough habitat still exists to substantially recover their numbers, but we must act now. Together, we can bring lion populations back to a healthier 30,000 individuals by 2030 through protecting and connecting key populations throughout their range in Africa.
Lions are the apex predators of the African savanna.
The primary role of adult males is to defend the pride’s home space.
Lionesses do not have a hierarchy within their pride.
Only about 20,000 wild lions remain in Africa, occupying less than 5% of their former range.
lions monitored and protected in the Greater Kafue Ecosystem of Zambia
increase in lions numbers on the Busanga Plains World Heritage Area since 2016
increase in lion numbers in the Zambezi Region, Namibia
Where Do Lions Live?
Lions can live in a wide variety of habitats, including open woodland and grass savannas as well as dry forests, coastal scrub and semi-desert areas. The vast majority live in Africa south of the Sahara, with a small population in India.
- Historic Lion Range
- Current Lion Range
Why do lions have manes?
A lion’s mane is a product of sexual selection rather than natural selection. This means that females show preferences for bigger, darker manes. Male lions with these traits will then mate more and pass on those genes more frequently.
What do lions eat?
Prides can hunt and kill even the largest herbivores, such as buffalo, giraffes and even elephant juveniles. However, they more commonly hunt and feed on smaller to medium-sized species like wildebeest, zebra, impala and warthog.
Can lions purr?
Most big cats, including lions, cannot purr. Instead, they are known for their famous roars. This iconic vocalization is due to the hyoid bone in the cat’s throat being attached to a specialized stretching ligament, drawn down to the chest when lions exhale forcefully.
How many lions are left in the wild?
Only about 20,000 wild lions remain in Africa. We have no estimates of their former numbers, but it is likely that there were at least many hundreds of thousands before European settlers arrived.
What are the threats facing lions?
The species is threatened by the illegal trade of lion prey for their meat, targeted poaching of lions for body parts, habitat loss and fragmentation and human-cat conflict due to the real or perceived threat lions pose to livestock.
How can we save lions?
We can save lions by preserving their habitat, protecting them and their prey from poaching and illegal hunting and helping communities coexist alongside them.